“Hey Jude,” an iconic song that has reverberated through the ages, is one of the most beloved and enduring pieces in the discography of The Beatles. Released as a single in August 1968, this song not only topped the charts in numerous countries but also became an anthem of positivity for millions around the world.

The Beatles, often referred to as the Fab Four, were a British rock band formed in Liverpool in 1960. They are widely regarded as the most influential band in the history of popular music. Comprising John Lennon, Paul McCartney, George Harrison, and Ringo Starr, their innovative music and cultural impact helped define the 1960s. “Hey Jude” is a testament to their genius, evoking powerful emotions with its soothing melody and profound lyrics.

In this article, we delve into the origins, meanings, and impact of “Hey Jude,” exploring how it remains relevant and inspiring even decades after its release.

Origins of “Hey Jude”

The origins of “Hey Jude” lie in a deeply personal context. The song was initially conceived by Paul McCartney as a comforting message to John Lennon’s son, Julian, during a tumultuous time in the young boy’s life. At the time, John Lennon was preparing to divorce his first wife, Cynthia, which was understandably causing distress for their son.

McCartney’s original concept for the song was titled “Hey Jules”, in direct reference to Julian Lennon. However, feeling that ‘Jules’ sounded too much like a country and western-type name, McCartney altered it to the now universally recognized “Jude”.

The song bristles with emotion, offering care, comfort, and love in the face of hardship. It became a letter to a friend, a beacon of support during a difficult time.

“Hey Jude” was the first release on The Beatles’ own Apple Records label. It emerged during the recording sessions for the Beatles’ self-titled album, more commonly known as the “White Album”.

What makes “Hey Jude” truly extraordinary is its universal appeal. While it was penned for a specific individual during a specific event, its themes of love, support, and resilience in the face of adversity have resonated with millions around the world.

Today, more than five decades after its release, “Hey Jude” continues to be an anthem of positivity and hope, a testament to the enduring genius of The Beatles.

The Lyrics and Their Interpretation

The lyrics of “Hey Jude” are simple, yet deeply profound and emotionally charged. Here is a detailed interpretation of each line and its significance:

  1. “Hey Jude, don’t make it bad / Take a sad song and make it better”: This line is an encouragement to Julian Lennon to stay positive and strong during his parents’ divorce. It’s a way of saying that even though the situation is painful, there’s always a way to find positivity and resilience.
  2. “Remember to let her into your heart / Then you can start to make it better”: These lines can be interpreted as an advice to Julian to open his heart to love and warmth, which will help him through the difficult time.
  3. “Hey Jude, don’t be afraid / You were made to go out and get her”: This could be seen as a metaphor for facing fears and challenges head-on. ‘Her’ could represent the happiness or fulfillment that Julian needs to pursue.
  4. “The minute you let her under your skin / Then you begin to make it better”: The ‘her’ here could symbolize acceptance of the situation. By accepting what’s happening, Julian can start to heal and improve his circumstances.
  5. “And anytime you feel the pain, hey Jude, refrain / Don’t carry the world upon your shoulders”: McCartney is advising Julian not to bear the burden of his parents’ divorce alone. He’s reminding him that it’s okay to seek help and share his feelings.
  6. “And don’t you know that it’s just you, hey Jude, you’ll do / The movement you need is on your shoulder”: This line reinforces the theme of self-reliance and inner strength. McCartney is telling Julian that he has the power within himself to overcome his challenges.
  7. “Na-na-na na-na-na-na, na-na-na-na, hey Jude”: The song concludes with a four-minute coda consisting of these simple syllables. This repetitive, comforting refrain serves to soothe and uplift, much like a lullaby. It’s a reminder of the song’s central message of love, support, and resilience.

Paul McCartney’s Explanation

“Hey Jude,” one of The Beatles’ most iconic songs, was written by Paul McCartney as a comforting message to Julian Lennon, John Lennon’s son, during the time of his parents’ divorce. McCartney has openly talked about the inspiration behind the song in various interviews and discussions.

In an interview with ABC News, McCartney revealed that the song was a piece of advice to Julian to stay positive and strong during the difficult time. He explained that the lines “Take a sad song and make it better” were meant to encourage Julian to find positivity and resilience even in the midst of pain.

According to McCartney, the lyrics “Remember to let her into your heart / Then you can start to make it better” were intended to advise Julian to open his heart to love and warmth, which would help him through the tough time.

McCartney further explained that the song was also about facing fears and challenges head-on. The line “You were made to go out and get her” was a metaphor for pursuing happiness or fulfillment.

The song ends with a four-minute coda of simple syllables, “Na-na-na na-na-na-na, na-na-na-na, hey Jude,” which serves as a soothing and uplifting refrain, much like a lullaby. According to McCartney, this was meant to reinforce the song’s central message of love, support, and resilience.

Impact on John Lennon and Julian Lennon

“Hey Jude” had a significant impact on both John Lennon and his son Julian Lennon, for whom the song was originally written.

John Lennon’s interpretation of the song was somewhat different from McCartney’s original intention. In an interview, Lennon stated that he always heard it as a song to him about his ongoing relationship with Yoko Ono, who he had recently gotten together with at the time of the song’s creation. Lennon saw “Hey Jude” as McCartney’s blessing of his relationship with Ono.

Indeed, in the context of the Beatles’ history, “Hey Jude” came at a time when the band was beginning to fracture, partly due to Lennon’s relationship with Yoko Ono. So, Lennon’s interpretation adds an interesting layer to the song’s meaning.

The song had a complex effect on Julian Lennon. He confirmed that “Hey Jude” was indeed written for him following the ‘mess’ caused by his father’s divorce from his mother, Cynthia. However, he also revealed that he had a love-hate relationship with the song. On one hand, it served as a comforting message during a difficult time in his life. On the other hand, it was a dark reminder of his parents’ separation and the upheaval that followed.

In recent years, Julian has been able to reevaluate his relationship with the song. While creating his new album, named ‘Jude’, he said that he was able to see the song from a new point of view. He acknowledged the love and support that McCartney intended to convey in the song, and this helped him come to terms with his mixed feelings.

Public Reception and Interpretation

“Hey Jude” was released by The Beatles in August 1968 and was immediately embraced by the public. It topped the charts in many countries around the world, including the US and UK. The song’s uplifting message and catchy, sing-along coda resonated with listeners, making it one of the band’s most popular and enduring hits.

Upon its release, some critics praised “Hey Jude” for its emotional depth and musical innovation. The song’s structure, which includes a lengthy coda, was seen as a bold departure from the standard pop song format. However, other critics were less enthusiastic, with some finding the song overly long or repetitive.

Over the years, fans and critics have offered various interpretations of “Hey Jude”. While McCartney has stated that the song was written for Julian Lennon during his parents’ divorce, some fans have speculated that it could be about the band’s own struggles and changes at the time of its writing.

John Lennon himself saw “Hey Jude” as McCartney’s blessing of his relationship with Yoko Ono. This interpretation adds an interesting layer to the song’s meaning, suggesting that it might be about acceptance and moving forward, themes that resonate with many listeners.

In the years since its release, “Hey Jude” has been covered by countless artists and continues to be a staple of popular music. Its enduring popularity is a testament to its universal appeal and the power of its message of hope and resilience.

Legacy of “Hey Jude”

“Hey Jude” has left an indelible mark on pop culture and holds a significant place in The Beatles’ discography.

Upon its release, the single sold more than 5 million copies worldwide in six months and 7.5 million over four years[^1^]. This commercial success was accompanied by critical acclaim, helping to solidify the Beatles’ status as one of the most influential bands in music history.

The song’s legacy extends beyond its initial impact. It has been covered by countless artists over the years, demonstrating its timeless appeal and universal resonance[^2^]. Moreover, it has become a mainstay at public events and gatherings, often sung by large crowds in moments of unity and celebration[^3^]. For instance, fans at Manchester City football club have been known to sing it during matches.

In terms of its place within the Beatles’ discography, “Hey Jude” marked a significant shift for the band. It was the first record released on the Beatles’ own label, Apple Records, symbolizing their growing independence and creative control. Furthermore, the song’s unconventional structure, with its extended coda, showcased the Beatles’ willingness to push the boundaries of popular music.

“Hey Jude” also played a role in reshaping the cultural landscape of the time. Released during a period of national despair in America, it offered a hopeful message that resonated with many listeners. Over the years, this message of resilience and positivity has continued to inspire people around the world, contributing to the song’s enduring popularity.

[^1^]: Smithsonian Magazine [^2^]: Wikipedia [^3^]: The Guardian


“Hey Jude,” released by The Beatles in 1968, has had a profound impact on both the individuals directly involved with its creation and the wider world. The song was originally written by Paul McCartney as a comfort to Julian Lennon during his parents’ divorce.

John Lennon interpreted the song as a blessing from McCartney for his relationship with Yoko Ono. Julian Lennon, while initially having a love-hate relationship with the song, has since come to appreciate it as a symbol of support during a difficult time in his life.

Upon its release, “Hey Jude” was met with widespread acclaim and commercial success, topping charts worldwide. Over the years, it has seen various interpretations from fans and critics alike, adding layers of depth to its meaning. Some see it as a reflection of the band’s own struggles and changes, while others view it as a general message of hope and resilience.

The song holds a significant place in The Beatles’ discography, marking their first release on their own label, Apple Records, and showcasing their willingness to push musical boundaries with its unconventional structure. Today, “Hey Jude” remains one of the most enduring songs in popular music, covered by countless artists and often sung by large crowds in moments of unity and celebration.

In conclusion, the enduring appeal and influence of “Hey Jude” lie in its universal message of resilience and positivity, its musical innovation, and its deep personal connections. It serves as a testament to The Beatles’ talent and their ability to create music that resonates deeply with listeners, transcending time and cultural boundaries. It is indeed a piece of music history that continues to inspire and unite people around the world.


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