Do you remember the first time you ever heard music? For many of us, it was probably when our parents played records for us when we were young. Vinyl has been making a comeback in recent years, as more and more people are discovering the joys of listening to music on a turntable.

If you’re thinking about buying your first turntable, or if you’re just not sure which one is right for you, read on for a comparison of the two most popular types: turntables and record players!

What is a turntable?

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A turntable is a device used for playing vinyl records. The turntable consists of a spinning platform, or platter, which sits atop a motor that spins the record at a specific speed.

A stylus, also known as a needle, rests on the grooves of the record while it spins and vibrates along to create the sound. Turntables are popular among music fans and audiophiles who want to enjoy their vinyl records in the traditional way.

With a quality turntable, listeners can experience warmth, depth and clarity that digital formats can’t provide.

Turntables have come a long way since they were first invented in 1877 by Thomas Edison. Over the years, they have gone through a number of technological advancements to make them easier and more convenient to use.

Today’s turntables are capable of playing both vinyl records and digital music files, allowing listeners to enjoy the best of both worlds.

How does a turntable work?

A turntable is an electronic device that uses a rotating plate to play or record vinyl records. The plate is connected to a motor, usually electrically powered, which rotates the plate at a constant speed.

A stylus (or needle) is placed on the surface of the record and picks up sound vibrations as it moves across the grooves.

These vibrations are then converted into electrical signals which can be amplified and heard through speakers. Turntables also have an arm which holds the stylus in place and moves it across the record.

In order for a turntable to work properly, it needs to be properly calibrated. This includes ensuring that the speed of the motor is correct and that the stylus moves in a straight line across the record.

The arm must also be balanced so that it doesn’t move too far or too little when pressure is applied to the stylus. Finally, the tonearm must be adjusted so that it applies the correct amount of pressure to the record and does not damage it.

Benefits of a turntable:

A turntable is an essential piece of equipment for anyone looking to enjoy the rich sound quality of vinyl records.

Not only offering superior audio quality compared to digital music, a turntable also offers improved control and customization over your listening experience. With a variety of features available in modern turntables, here are some of the benefits:

Superior Audio Quality

Vinyl records produce sound through physical vibrations in the needle, providing an incredibly warm and rich sound quality. This is often difficult to replicate with digital music and it’s why many audiophiles prefer vinyl over modern formats.

Increased Control and Customization

With a turntable you can control aspects of the sound such as pitch and tone, allowing you to customize your listening experience. This is something that you cannot do with digital music formats.


Vinyl records are incredibly durable and can last for decades if cared for properly. This means they will hold their value better than digital music files which can be easily lost or corrupted.


With a variety of sizes, styles and features available in modern turntables, you are sure to find one that suits your needs and fits within your budget.

Drawbacks of a turntable:

High Cost

Turntables are not cheap and the better models can cost hundreds or even thousands of dollars. This makes them inaccessible to many people who want to enjoy vinyl records.

Limited Playback Speed Options

Most turntables only offer two playback speed options – 33 RPM and 45 RPM, limiting your options for playing various types of vinyl records.

Setup Time

Setting up a turntable can be time consuming, as you have to align the cartridge and tonearm, set the tracking force and adjust the anti-skate and stylus pressure. This process can take some time and if done incorrectly can lead to poor sound quality.


Turntables need regular maintenance, such as cleaning the records and stylus regularly, in order to ensure they continue to perform optimally. This can be time consuming and if not done correctly it can lead to damage of your vinyl collection.

Additionally, they require more space than digital music formats. Many people don’t have enough room to properly set up and display a turntable. This can be an inconvenience for anyone just looking to enjoy the sound of vinyl without taking up too much space.

What is a record player?

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A record player is a device used to play vinyl records. These are the older, analog audio format that was developed in the late 19th century that allowed for sound reproduction by using a needle or stylus to physically move through grooves etched into a spinning disc.

The needle vibrates as it moves through the groove and this vibration is translated into an electrical signal, which is then amplified and converted into sound waves.

Record players come in many shapes and sizes, from portable suitcase-style record players to larger full-size hi-fi models with more features.

All modern record players use an electric motor to spin the disc at the desired speed (measured in revolutions per minute, or RPM).

This is usually done with a belt drive system that connects the motor to the platter (the round plate on which the record rests).

The audio signal is picked up by the cartridge, which contains a stylus that moves along with the grooves in the vinyl. The stylus vibrates and this vibration is translated into an electrical signal which is then sent to the amplifier so that it can be heard.

Today, record players are still popular with audiophiles and collectors alike because of their warm, analogue sound. They also offer a tangible connection to music that other formats do not, as users get to experience the physical grooves in the vinyl itself.

With the resurgence of the vinyl format in recent years, record players are now more popular than ever. They come with a variety of features and prices, so there’s something to suit everyone.

How does a record player work?

A record player is a device used to play phonograph records. It works by using the vibrational energy generated by the stylus (or needle) as it rides along the groove of the record, and converting this into an electrical signal which is amplified and sent to a speaker. The stylus then creates tiny vibrations in the air, which our ears perceive as sound.

To play a record, the stylus needs to sit in the groove of the record and move in circles to trace its path. This movement is created by a motor which spins the turntable platform at a constant speed, usually 33-1/3 or 45rpm (revolutions per minute). The speed of the motor is regulated by an electronic speed control mechanism to ensure a consistent listening experience.

The mechanical parts inside the record player work together to allow the stylus to move smoothly along the groove and create a sound that closely resembles what was recorded on the record. This includes things like tone arms, counterweights, springs, and so on.

The electrical signal generated by the stylus is then sent to a preamplifier where it is amplified so that it can be heard through speakers. Some record players also feature an additional amplifier known as a phono stage, which further amplifies and equalizes the sound prior to being sent to the speaker.

Many modern record players are also equipped with a USB port, which allows you to connect the device directly to your computer and digitally record audio from records.

Benefits of a record player:

High Fidelity Audio

Record players provide a superior listening experience for music enthusiasts. Most record players feature components that are specifically designed to deliver maximum sound quality, such as a heavier tonearm and higher-quality stylus.

This makes it possible to hear subtle nuances in the music that digital formats may not be able to reproduce, resulting in a much richer overall listening experience.

Vintage Aesthetics

Record players have an undeniable vintage look and feel that can’t be replicated with digital formats.

This can be a real draw for those who appreciate the classic style of these devices, or simply want to add a touch of nostalgia to their home audio setup.


Record players are much more portable than many other music formats, making them ideal for people who travel or move frequently.

They’re also relatively lightweight and don’t take up too much space, making them a great option for smaller apartments or dorm rooms.

Collectible Factor

There are a wide range of record players available, from vintage models to modern designs. This makes it possible for collectors to find unique pieces that fit their individual tastes and style.


Record players are generally much more affordable than other music formats such as high-end audio systems or multi-room sound systems.

It is also possible to purchase used record players for an even lower cost. This makes them a great option for anyone who wants to listen to their favorite music without breaking the bank.


Record players can easily be modified or upgraded with different components, such as new turntables or speakers. This allows users to tailor their setup to their own exact specifications and budget.

Uncompressed Audio

Most digital formats compress audio files in order to save space on hard drives or streaming services, which can lead to a loss of sound quality.

Record players play full-resolution, uncompressed audio files that provide the highest fidelity possible. This makes them ideal for audiophiles who want the best sound quality available.

Drawbacks of a record player:


Record players generally require a more involved setup process than digital formats, especially if users are planning to upgrade components or customize their system. This can be an intimidating task for those who are unfamiliar with the process.


Record players require frequent cleaning and maintenance in order to keep them working properly. This can involve cleaning the stylus, lubricating the tonearm, and other tedious tasks that may not be suitable for those who don’t have the time or patience to do so.

Limited Playback Time

The average LP record contains about 20 minutes of music per side, which is significantly less than digital formats. This means that users have to flip the record over or switch out records more frequently if they want to listen to longer tracks.


Records are much more vulnerable to damage than other music formats, such as scratches and warping caused by heat or moisture. This can lead to skipping or distortion when played back in a record player, which can be very frustrating for the listener.

Lack of Convenience

Record players are not as convenient as digital formats when it comes to accessing and playing music.

Users have to manually take out records from their jackets, place them on the turntable, adjust speeds, and manually cue up tracks. This can be inconvenient for those who are used to the instant gratification of digital formats.

Turntable Vs Record Player.

When talking about audio equipment, two terms often come up and confuse people: turntables and record players. While these two are similar in many ways and can both be used to play vinyl records, there are some key differences between them that should be understood.

The main difference between a turntable and a record player is that a turntable is meant to be used by DJs, while a record player is intended for consumer use.

Turntables are generally more expensive and have more features than record players, such as pitch controls and multiple speeds. They also often come with removable headshells so that different cartridges can be installed depending on the user’s needs.

Record players, on the other hand, are usually less expensive and have fewer features than turntables. They often come with a single speed and may not have any pitch control. They also typically don’t come with removable headshells or cartridges, meaning that the user is stuck with one cartridge for the life of the record player.

In terms of sound quality, turntables are typically the better choice because they have more features and often come with higher-quality components than record players.

The downside to this is that they usually require more maintenance than record players, as the components need to be properly adjusted in order to get optimal performance. In contrast, record players require less maintenance and generally provide good sound quality with minimal effort.

When it comes to deciding between a turntable and a record player, the decision should be based on what the user wants out of their audio setup.

A turntable is ideal for those who want high-quality sound and the ability to customize their setup, while a record player is better for those who want an easy-to-use device with good sound quality. Ultimately, it’s up to the user to decide which type of device best suits their needs.


In conclusion, for those looking for a more traditional and classic listening experience, then a record player is the perfect choice.

For those looking to add some flair and style to their music collection, or who want the convenience and portability of modern technology, then a turntable might be the better choice.

Ultimately, it comes down to personal preference and budget, but either option will provide an enjoyable listening experience.


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